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APA Citation Guide
MLA Citation Guide
Selected Links to Citation Guides

Citation Guide

This guide provides only the most common kind of references. For all reference examples, please consult the latest edition of the APA, MLA or CSE style manual located at the Reference Desk. Choose one example that is most like your source and follow the format.

Note:
* When in doubt, provide more information rather than less.
** Punctuation is an important component of each style. Pay close attention to the punctuation in each example.

Guide to CSE : Council of Science Editors
( Formerly Council of Biology Editors)
Book
Format:
Author's last name followed by a space and initial(s). Title of book. Publication place:
Publishing company; Publication year. Total number of pages of the  book followed by a space and p.

Notes:
1. No period after first and second initials and no space between them.
2. Do not underline or italicize book titles.

Example:
Larson EJ. Evolution : the remarkable history of a scientific theory. NewYork: Modern
Library; 2006. 347 p.

Note:
If edition other than the first, include the number of the edition after the title.

Example:
Karp G. Cell and molecular biology : concepts and experiments. 2nd ed.New York: J.
Wiley; 1999. 816 p.

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Entry in an Encyclopedia

Format:
Author's name(s). Title of the entry. In: Editor's name(s), editor(s). Title of encyclopedia. Volume number. Publication place: Publication company; Publication year. Inclusive
page number(s).

Example 1:
Brooks SC, Pauley RJ. Breast cancer biology. In: Dulbecco R, editor.Encyclopedia of
human biology. Volume 2. San Diego: Academic Press; 1991. p 53-65.

Note:
If there is no author or editor, omit this information.

Example 2:
Imago. In: World book encyclopedia. Volume 10. Chicago: World BookEncyclopedia;
2000. p 79-81.

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Journal Article (print)

Format 1: Journal Paginated by Volume
The author(s). Title of the article. Title of the journal followed by year; Volume number:
inclusive page numbers.

Notes:
1. Abbreviate titles of journals that consist of more than one word. Journal Title Abbreviations
2. Capitalize all words in the journal title (e.g. Science, Sci Am, J Clin Psychopharmacol).

3. List up to ten authors using a comma between names; for a work with eleven or more authors, list
the first ten names followed by a comma and the words "and others."

Example:
Baur JF. The second most important step for chapter vitality. AmSci 2006;1:482-86.

Format 2: Journal Paginated by Issue
The author(s). Title of the article. Title of the journal followed by year and month;Volume number( issue number): page numbers.

Example:
Jacson R. Rising obesity rates: who's to blame? Health Care Food Nutr Focus 2006
Jun;23(6):1-6.

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Journal article (retrieved from library database)

Format:
Author's name(s). Title of article. Name of journal followed by date; Volume (issue
number) (if necessary): page numbers. In: Title of database [database on the Internet].
Place of publication: Publisher of the database; date of publication or copyright
of the database. The date the article was updated (if available), [the date you accessed
the sit.]. [ the number or an estimated number of  pages]. Available from: the URL. (If the database provides further location information, such as an accession number, include that information last. )

Note:
Do not place a period after the URL unless the URL ends in a slash.

Example:
Skillman J. Spasmodic Torticollis. JAMA: J Am Medl Assoc 2006; 296: 2656-7. In:
Academic Search Premier [database on the Internet]. Ipswich(MA):EBSCO Industries
Inc.; c2006. [cited 2006 Dec. 20]. [about 1p]. Available from: http://web.ebscohost.com
/ehost/detail?vid=8&hid= 117&sid= e150f51b-8f7f-4c01-92ba-b48ec800270d%40
sessionmgr109

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Web site (such as home page)
Format:
Author (an individual or an organization). Title of the home page  [homepage on Internet].
Place of publication: Publisher (or the  site's sponsor). Date of publication. Copyright
date (if no date of publication is given or if publication date and the copyright date are
different) [the date the page was last modified; the date you accessed the site].
Available from: the URL.

Example:
American Society of Gene Therapy [homepage on the Internet]. Milwaukee (WI): The
Society; c2000-2006 [modified 2006 Dec.20; cited 2006 Dec. 21]. Available from:
http://www.asgt.org/.

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In-Text Citation
Format:
In a CSE-style paper, the source is referenced by a superscript number.

Example:
Scientists are beginning to question the validity of linking genes to a number of human
traits and disorders1.

ENTRY IN THE REFERENCE LIST:

1. Horgan J. Eugenics revisited. Sci Am 1993;268(6):122-30.

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Style Manuals

College writing usually recommends two major style manuals: APA, MLA & CBE.
There are other style manuals that may be suggested by professors. These manuals are available in the library reference area.

  • Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) 6th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. BF 76.7 .P83 2010.
  • MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 7th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. LB 2369 .G53 2009.
  • A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations (Turabian) 7th Ed. Call number: Ref. LB2369 .T8 2007.
  • The Chicago manual of style 16th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. Z253 .U69 2010
  • Scientific style and format : the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers 7th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. T11 .S386 2006
  • The Columbia guide to online style 2nd Ed.
    Call number: Ref. PN171 .F56 W35 2006
  • American Sociological Association 1st Ed.
    Call number: Ref. HM569 .A54 2010
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Selected Links to Citation Guides
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