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APA Citation Guide
MLA Citation Guide
Selected Links to Citation Guides

Citation Guide

This guide provides only the most common kind of references. For all reference examples, please consult the latest edition of the APA, MLA or CSE style manual located at the Reference Desk. Choose one example that is most like your source and follow the format.

Note:
* When in doubt, provide more information rather than less.
** Punctuation is an important component of each style. Pay close attention to the punctuation in each example.

Guide to MLA : Modern Languages Association Style Manual
*** Punctuation is an important component of each style. Pay close attention to the punctuation in each example.
Book

Reference:

Format:
Author's Last name, First name and Initial. Title of Book. Publication
location: Publisher, year. Print.

Example: 
Townsend, Robert M. The Medieval Village Economy. Princeton:
Princeton University Press, 1993. Print.

In -Text:
(Townsend 158 )
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Entry in an Encyclopedia

 

 

Reference:

 

Format:
Author's Last name, First name and Initial. "Title of the Entry." Title of the Encyclopedia. Edition. Year. Print.

Example 1: (one author)
Bergmann, Peter. "Relativity." The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. 17th ed. 1993. Print.

Example 2: (no author)
"Imago." World Book Encyclopedia. 2000. Print.

Note:
If an entry has no author, place the title of the entry in the author position.
Do not cite the editor of the encyclopedia.

In -Text:

Example 1:
(Bergmann 125)

Example 2:
("Imago")

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Work in an Anthology

Reference:

Format:
Author's Last name, First name and Initial. "Title of the Work." (or Title of
the Play
.) Title of the Anthology. Ed. (or Trans, or Comp. ) Name of
the editor (or translator, or compiler). Publication location:
Publisher, Year. Page numbers of the cited piece. Print.

Example 1:( a work in an anthology)
More, Hannah. "The Black Slave Trade: A Poem." British Women Poets of the Romantic Era. Ed. Paula R. Feldman. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins UP, 1997. 472-82. Print.

Example 2: (a play)
Hansberry, Lorraine. A Raisin in the Sun. Black Theater: A
Twentieth-Century Collection of the Work of Its Best Playwrights. Ed. Lindsay Patterson, New York: Dodd, 1971. 221-76. Print.

In -Text:

Example 1:
(More 472-82)

Example 2:
(Hansberry 221-76)

 
Journal Article (print)

Reference:

Format:
Author's Last name, First name and Initial. "Title of Article." Title of the
Journal
volume number. issue number (year): page numbers. Print.

Example 1: ( journal)
Martinez-Pons, Marie. "Parental Influences on Children's Academic Self-Regulatory Development." Theory Into Practice 41.2 (2002): 126-
132. Print.

Example 2: (magazine)
Nehta, Pratap Bhanu. "Exploding Myths." New Republic 6 June 1998: 17- 19. Print.

Note:
To cite a magazine published weekly or monthly, include the complete
date. Abbreviate all months except May, June and July. Do notinclude
volume and issue numbers.

In -Text:

Example 1:
(Martinez-Pons, 128-129)

Example 2:
(Nehta 17)

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Journal Article (retrieved from library database)

Reference:

 

Format:
Author's Last name, First name and Initial. "Title of Article." Title of the
Journal
volume number. issue number (year): page numbers.
Title of the database. Web. Day month year accessed.

Example:
Martinez-Pons, Marie. "Parental Influences on Children's Academic Self-Regulatory Development." Theory Into Practice 41.2 (2002): 126-132. Academic Search Premier. Web. 8 July 2009.

In -Text: (Martinez-Pons)
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Website

Reference:

 

The vast variety and inconsistency of web sites can present challenges
for creating accurate references. The following are two basic formats for
citing web site information.

Format 1: (Citing an entire Web Site)
Title of Web Site. First and Last name of editor if given. Date or the latest
update if given. Sponsoring institution or organization if given. Web. Day month year accessed.

Example:
Bartleby.com : Great Books Online. 2009 Bartleby.com, Inc. Web. 5 May
2009.

Format 2: (Citing a work from a web site)
Last name, First name of author if given. "Title of Work." Title of Web Site. Date or the latest update if given. Sponsoring institution or
organization if given. Web. Day month year accessed.

Example:
Elliott, Daphne. "Greek Creation Myths." Encyclopedia Mythica. 2009. Web. 8 July 2009.

In -Text:

Format 1: Example:
(Bartleby)

Format 2: Example:
(Elliott)

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Style Manuals

College writing usually recommends two major style manuals: APA and MLA.
There are other style manuals that may be suggested by professors. These manuals are available in the library reference area.

  • Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) 6th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. BF 76.7 .P83 2010.
  • MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 7th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. LB 2369 .G53 2009.
  • A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations (Turabian) 7th Ed. Call number: Ref. LB2369 .T8 2007.
  • The Chicago manual of style 16th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. Z253 .U69 2010
  • Scientific style and format : the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers 7th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. T11 .S386 2006
  • The Columbia guide to online style 2nd Ed.
    Call number: Ref. PN171 .F56 W35 2006
  • American Sociological Association 1st Ed.
    Call number: Ref. HM569 .A54 2010
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