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1790
Columbian Academy founded on site of Martin Luther King Elementary School (No. 11).
1804
Cornelius Van Vorst property sold to Associates of the Jersey Company.
Anthony Dey of New York acquired Paulus Hook with ferry privileges from Cornelius Van Vorst.
  Founding of Township of Van Vorst.
1812
Robert Fulton purchased land on Steuben Street and Green and Morgan Streets for his shipyard.
1815
Isaac Edge windmill built at foot of Montgomery Street.
  George Tise placed the cornerstone of the former Stuyvesant Tavern on the rear wall of his new tavern.
1816
Col. Richard Varick built Prospect Hall overlooking the Hudson River.
1820
Paulus Hook incorporated as the City of Jersey in the County of Bergen by the New Jersey Legislature (January 28); five freeholders were chosen annually to constitute the Board of Selectmen of Jersey City.
1824
Jersey City Glass Works (later P.C. Dummer & Company) founded by George Dummer and Associates at Washington and Essex Street.
American Pottery Manufacturing Company opened by David Henderson at corner of Essex and Warren Streets.
1825
William Colgate established a factory at Harsimus.
  Jersey Porcelain & Earthenware Company founded by P.C. Dummer.
1827
Dixon Crucible Company founded.
1829
Second charter of incorporation (January 23) changes name of community to Jersey City.
Volunteer fire department and night watchmen initiated.

Harsimus Cemetery began at Newark Avenue.

1831 St. Peter's R.C. Church founded (January 29). It was the first parish in Jersey City and Hudson County. It was dedicated in 1839.
1833

Treaty between New York and New Jersey to settle riparian rights to Hudson River.

  American Pottery Manufacturing Company founded by David Henderson.
1835
Greek-revival Barrrow Mansion built in Van Vorst Historic District.
1836
Morris Canal extended to Jersey City.
 

New Jersey Railroad cut through Bergen Hill near present site of Journal Square and filled in much of Mill Creek.

1837
Third charter of incorporation of Jersey City; it separated from Bergen Township and was granted its own mayor and city council.
1838
Jersey City separated from Bergen Township and became an independent municipality; Charter for the City of Jersey City adopted (February 22); it permitted the election of a mayor and common council; Dudley Gregory became first mayor of Jersey City.
 
Buck's Hotel on York Street was used for first meeting of mayor and council (April 16).
 

Beacon Racetrack opened in Jersey City Heights area.

1839

The current Provident Savings Institution Bank is founded by Dudley S. Gregory. It was Jersey City's first banking firm.

1840
Southern portion of Bergen County separated from the north becoming Hudson County.
1840s
New Jersey Railroad built depot on west side of Hudson Street North of Montgomery Avenue.
 
Bay View-New York Bay Cemetery opened on Ocean Avenue and Garfield & Chapel Avenues.
1841
Cunard Line began at Jersey City docks.
 

Third and present building of Old Bergen Church.

  Township of Van Vorst (former Harsimus) separated from Bergen Township and received a charter (March 11) to be an independent municipality (most of downtown Jersey City, excluding Paulus Hook). Ten years later is joined the municipality of Jersey City.
1844 First Presbyterian Church building moved to Paulus Hook from New York City.
1845
Old Hudson County Court House opened at Newark Avenue
1847
Dixon Crucible Company relocated from Massachusetts to Jersey City.
1848
New York Bay Cemetery laid out on the Jersey City Bergen Point Plank Road (now Garfield Avenue).
1849 Central Railroad of New Jersey opened its first terminal at the Jersey City waterfront.
1850s
Erie-Lackawanna Railroad reached Jersey City as its eastern terminus.
1851 In March, the Township of Van Vorst became part of Jersey City, becoming the Third and Fourth Wards. Horticulturalist Peter Henderson designed Victorian-style Van Vork Park.
Construction for Reservoir 3 begun on Summit Avenue.
1852 Town of Hudson separated from North Bergen and was chartered by the New Jersey Legislature in April.
1853
Associates of the Jersey Company sold their rights to the waterfront and ferry service to the New Jersey Railroad.
 

Grace Van Vorst Church on Erie Street is consecrated.

1854
Hilton-Holden Homestead built at Clifton Place. It became part of the Underground Railroad.
1855
Township of Bergen was chartered. It extended from present-day Journal Square to approximately Communipaw Avenue. It had a population of 4,792.
  City of Hudson was chartered in April; it had a population of approximately 3,000. The first mayor was Gen. E.R.V. Wright. It is popularly referred to as Jersey City Heights.
1856
Keeney & Halladay laid out grid for Lafayette section.
 

Hasbrouck Institute at Mercer Street is opened as a private school for young men. It moved to Crescent Avenue in 1893.

1857
Speer Cemetery on Vroom Street made a public burial ground on former DeMott estate. .
1859
First police headquarters constructed at Cooper's Alley and Gregory Street.
1861
City Hall of Jersey City constructed at Cooper Place.
 

Central Railroad of New Jersey opened a station in Greenville.

1863
Greenville received charter, making it a separate town from Bergen.
1865
North Baptist Church founded on Jersey Avenue.
1866
Library Hall became the town hall of the Township of Bergen.
 
Holy Name Cemetery on West Side Avenue began as a Roman Catholic burial ground.
1867
The Evening Journal, Jersey City's first newspaper, began at Exchange Place.
  The Lincoln Association of Jersey City began tradition of commemorating the birth of Abraham Lincoln.
1868
Township of Bergen was renamed Bergen City amd John Hilton became its first mayor.
Hudson City Savings Bank founded by Garret D. Van Reipen (second Mayor of Hudson City) at Five Corners location.

1870

Jersey City, City of Bergen and Hudson City merged into one municipality called Jersey City.

 

By: Carmela Karnoutsos
Project Administrator: Patrick Shalhoub