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APA Citation Guide
MLA Citation Guide
Selected Links to Citation Guides

Citation Guide

This guide provides only the most common kind of references. For all reference examples, please consult the latest edition of the APA, MLA or CSE style manual located at the Reference Desk. Choose one example that is most like your source and follow the format.

Note:
* When in doubt, provide more information rather than less.
** Punctuation is an important component of each style. Pay close attention to the punctuation in each example.

Guide to APA: Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association
*** Punctuation is an important component of each style. Pay close attention to the punctuation in each example.
Book

Reference:

Format:
Author's last name, first and second initial. (Year ). Title of book.
Publication location: Publishing company.

Example: 
Townsend, R. M. (1993). The medieval village economy. Princeton, NJ:
Princeton University Press.

In -Text:
(Townsend, 1993)
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Entry in an Encyclopedia

 

 

Reference:

 

Format:
Author's last name, first and second initial. (Year ). Title of the entry. In
Title of the encyclopedia (Vol. number, page number). Publication location: Publisher.

Example 1:
Bergmann, P. G. (1993). Relativity. In The new encyclopedia Britannica (Vol. 26, pp. 501-508). Chicago: Encyclopedia Britannica.

Note:
If an entry has no author, place the title of the entry in the author position.

Example 2:
Imago. (2000). In World book encyclopedia (Vol. 10, p. 79). Chicago:
World Book Encyclopedia.

In -Text:

Example 1:
(Bergmann, 1993)

Example 2:
("Imago," 2000)

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Journal Article (print)

Reference:

Format:
Author's last name, first and second Initial. (Year). Article title. Journal title, volume number(issue number), page numbers.

Example:
Martinez-Pons, M. (2002). Parental influences on children's academic self-regulatory development. Theory Into Practice, 41(2), 126-132.

In -Text: (Martinez-Pons, 2002)
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Journal article (retrieved from library database)

Reference:

 

Format 1: (Article is assigned a DOI) (What is DOI? How to locate it?)
Author's last name, first and second Initial. (Year). Article title. Journal title, volume number(issue number), page numbers. doi: xxxxxxxxxx

Example:
Meyer, U., & Feldon, J. (2009). Neural basis of psychosis-related
behaviour in the infection model of schizophrenia. Behavioural
Brain Research, 204(2), 322-334. doi:10.1016/j.bbr.2008.12.022

Format 2: (Article is NOT assigned a DOI)
Author's last name, first and second Initial. (Year). Article title. Journal title, volume number(issue number), page numbers. Retrieved from
database home page URL

Example:
Esper, P. (2009). Immune Modulation in Melanoma and Advanced
Cancer Therapy. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing, 13(5),
547-554. Retrieved from http://search.ebscohost.com

Notes:
Do not provide an entire URL that leads directly to article, but rather
just the database's home page URL as the following:

EBSCOHost databases http://search.ebscohost.com
ProQuest databases http://proquest.umi.com/
Wilson Web databases http://vnweb.hwwilsonweb.com/
ERIC http://www.eric.ed.gov/ 
In -Text:

Example for format 1:
(Meyer & Feldon, 2009)

Example for format 2:
(Esper, 2009)

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Web site

Reference:

 

The vast variety and inconsistency of web sites can present challenges
for creating accurate references. The following is a general format for
citing information.

Format:
Author if given, (date of web site if given; use n.d. if no date). Title of web site. Retrieved date from URL [no period used after URL]

Example 1:
Grohol, J.M. (2003). Dr. John Grohol's PsychCentral . Retrieved March 13, 2003, from http://psychcentral.com

Example 2: (No date)
Thompson, G. (n.d.). Youth coach handbook. Retrieved September 17, 2001, from http://www.joesoccer.com/menu.html

Example 3: (No author, no date)
Greater New Milford (Ct) Area Healthy Community 2000, Task Force on
Teen and Adolescent Issues. (n.d.). Who has time for a family
meal? You do!
Retrieved October 5, 2000, from
http://www.familymealtime.org

In -Text:

Example 1:
(Grohol, 2003)

Example 2: (No date)
(Thompson, n.d.)

Example 3: (No author, no date)
(Greater New Milford, n.d.)

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Style Manuals

College writing usually recommends two major style manuals: APA and MLA.
There are other style manuals that may be suggested by professors. These manuals are available in the library reference area.

  • Publication manual of the American Psychological Association (APA) 6th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. BF 76.7 .P83 2010.
  • MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 7th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. LB 2369 .G53 2009.
  • A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations (Turabian) 7th Ed. Call number: Ref. LB2369 .T8 2007.
  • The Chicago manual of style 16th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. Z253 .U69 2010
  • Scientific style and format : the CSE manual for authors, editors, and publishers 7th Ed.
    Call number: Ref. T11 .S386 2006
  • The Columbia guide to online style 2nd Ed.
    Call number: Ref. PN171 .F56 W35 2006
  • American Sociological Association 1st Ed.
    Call number: Ref. HM569 .A54 2010
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Selected Links to Citation Guides
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